The Dyke http://recon.io/index.php/thedyke <p>The Dyke is a refereed journal that publishes original articles from the fields of Social Sciences, Business Sciences, Arts &amp; Humanities and Education.</p> Midlands State University Press en-US The Dyke 1815-9036 Alternative dispute resolution mechanisms to manage workplace disputes among national employment councils in Zimbabwe http://recon.io/index.php/thedyke/article/view/9 <p>Most disputing parties have become more litigious instead of managing their disagreements through conciliatory methods. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism in managing workplace disputes in the context of the National Employment Councils (NECs) sector of Zimbabwe. The study was motivated by the need for organisations to harmoniously manage workplace disputes. Using a quasi-quantitative approach (otherwise, a mixed methodology) and relying on a survey design, 73 respondents participated in this study. Questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect data. Results show that the ADR mechanism effectively manages workplace disputes among Zimbabwe NECs sector employees in line with reviewed literature. The findings of this study are of importance to the Zimbabwean labour policy towards formulating employment laws. Findings will also be of assistance to NECs managers on how to improve the effectiveness of the ADR mechanism.</p> Itai Bonda Fidelis Tsvangirai Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 15 3 1 27 Enhancing girls’ resilience in the face of Covid-19 pandemic in Marange community, Zimbabwe http://recon.io/index.php/thedyke/article/view/31 <p>The study aimed at enhancing girls’ resilience in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. The descriptive design was used in the study. A purposive sampling technique was used. The sample size of 18 participants was determined by the saturation level which occurred when participants were repeating responses. The study population was drawn from rural girls in the Marange community in Zimbabwe. Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data in the study. The study found out that girls were vulnerable to psychological distress such as guilt and self-blame, flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, sexual dysfunction and suicidal ideation among other problems when they drop out of school. It was also found out that some cultural practices such as child marriages and genital mutilation took precedence over the girls’ education in the face of the Covid-19 crisis. This has contributed to a significant number of girls dropping out of school. Some contextual cultural awareness campaigns highlighting the plight of girls in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic were helpful. Contextually relevant cultural activities such as composing songs and poems were effective vehicles of educating the marginalised and remote community of Marange folk on the importance of supporting and valuing the girls’ resilience in the face of the Covid-19 crisis.</p> Maurice Kwembeya Julia Mutambara Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 15 3 1 20 Impact of COVID-19 on Zimbabwe’s state universities’ education system. Case of Tourism and Hospitality Management Students http://recon.io/index.php/thedyke/article/view/41 <p>The outbreak of Covid-19 in early 2020 across the globe led to massive disturbances in the higher and tertiary education system. As a way of keeping pace with the needs of the key stakeholder <em>viz</em> students, institutions of higher learning in Zimbabwe adopted online teaching and learning methodologies. This study examines the impact of Covid-19 on Zimbabwe’s State Universities with special reference to tourism and hospitality students. A qualitative research design was used for the study. WhatsApp focus groups and telephone interviews were also used to collect the data from the respondents. The findings revealed that the Covid-19 pandemic adversely affected the education of most students at state universities. The adoption of online learning by state universities led to the production of ‘half-baked’ graduates since some of the modules needed adequate time for hands-on practice. Most of the respondents pointed out they had a negative attitude towards online learning as they faced financial challenges to purchase laptops, internet data bundles, failure to perform other tasks such as bed making, baking and cooking online, lack or poor internet infrastructure, inadequate training and retraining on the use of online applications. Some students lost momentum during the academic journey while others ended up dropping out of the university system and/or deferring their studies. Lack of detachment between students and universities was also reported. The study, therefore recommends the use of hybrid learning for practical modules to achieve high-quality results and produce graduates that are relevant to the industry.</p> Tendai Chibaya Phanos Matura Lovemore. R Chitambara Diet Mupfiga Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 15 3 1 20 Some Notes on the Arabic Manuscripts in the Northern History Research Scheme (NHRS), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria (1962-2020) http://recon.io/index.php/thedyke/article/view/95 <p>From the establishment of the Northern History Research Scheme (NHRS) in 1962 to the present, there are 1,913 Arabic manuscripts in its various repositories. Despite the plethora of manuscripts covering virtually all the branches of Islamic literature ranging from theology, jurisprudence, Arabic language and literature, philosophy, and astronomy to astrology, many researchers often do not have easy access to the contents of the manuscripts due to a lack of proper classification, as well as some obscurity surrounding their provenance. Using a qualitative, historical and descriptive methodology, this paper throws a little new light on the historical evolution of NHRS, its repositories, classification of manuscripts, and its challenges and prospects. It is part of the findings of the paper that despite a large number of Arabic manuscripts in NHRS, little is known about its corpus (literature) and the group of scholars. This is because, out of the 1,913 Arabic manuscripts available in the NHRS repository, about 900 manuscripts are anonymous.</p> Nadir A. Nasidi Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 15 3 1 15