The Dyke <p>The Dyke is a refereed journal that publishes original articles from the fields of Social Sciences, Business Sciences, Arts &amp; Humanities and Education.</p> en-US (Dr. U. Saidi) (Dr. H. Mangeya) Thu, 08 Sep 2022 08:36:51 +0000 OJS 60 Harnessing the growth of the informal sector to promote Local Economic Development in the Gweru Urban <p>The continued decline in formal employment, accompanied by economic decline, and rapid urban population growth, has resulted in the rapid growth of the informal sector in urban local authorities. Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries (2014) notes that the sector has become the largest employer constituting 85% of the national employment statistics yet less attention has been given to it. With a pervasive informal sector, urban local authorities have been struggling with how best to respond to the growth of the informal sector. The existing legislative framework seemingly inhibits, for it does not recognise and criminalise the informal sector thereby stifling the growth of the sector that hypothetically in turn can benefit the urban local authorities. With that, this research paper seeks to establish opportunities that come with regularising the informal sector by urban local authorities and the challenges to be encountered, with Gweru City being the case study. In order to harness the informal sector, there is a need to establish the causes of the growth of the informal sector. Lastly, an analysis of the challenges associated with the formalization of the informal sector in urban local authorities <br />is carried out. The research methodology for this study was desk research and descriptive qualitative done through in-depth interviews with those operating in the informal sector, the local authority and vendors' representative groups. In addition to that, observations were made in terms of the environment where those in the informal sector operate from. Findings show that harnessing the informal sector by the local authorities has the potential to increase revenue for the councils, create employment for the locals and creation of equal opportunities between men, women and the youth. However, there are challenges associated with formalising the sector, which the study established amongst them resistance, lack of financial resources to register and cumbersome and bureaucratic registration process. Conclusively if the sector is harnessed, it can contribute immensely toward Local Economic Development by creating decent employment, and a better working environment and will contribute immensely to the local authorities' coffers.</p> Julianos Masimba, Naome Rajah, Edison P. Mutema Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 08 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ‘Tragedy within the new normal’: Catechizing the surge in intimate partner violence in Zimbabwe during the Covid 19 pandemic. Is home a safe haven? <p>This paper explores dynamics surrounding the Covid 19 pandemic which triggered a surge in cases of intimate partner violence. In the wake of the Covid 19 pandemic, Zimbabwe enacted a national lockdown and various protocols to contain the spread of the lethal virus. The impact of the Covid 19 pandemic was felt by many as the national lockdowns embroiled people’s lives socially and economically. Using a descriptive interpretive design, the study reviewed reports on gender-based violence from the media and organisations dealing with gender-based violence pre and during the Covid 19 pandemic to gather data. The paper examines violence in intimate relationships from an intersectional feminist perspective which views gender-based violence as twofold and caused by patriarchy together with other repressive factors. The study revealed that economic challenges, limited access to support services and prolonged enclosure at home experienced during the Covid s19 pandemic were key factors fuelling relational violence amongst intimate partners. Therefore, the paper proposes vigorous campaign strategies against intimate partner violence and an increase in socio-economic support services for citizens during the Covid 19 pandemic to curtail intimate partner violence.</p> Hlengiwe Ncube Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 08 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Alternative dispute resolution mechanisms to manage workplace disputes among national employment councils in Zimbabwe <p>Most disputing parties have become more litigious instead of managing their disagreements through conciliatory methods. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism in managing workplace disputes in the context of the National Employment Councils (NECs) sector of Zimbabwe. The study was motivated by the need for organisations to harmoniously manage workplace disputes. Using a quasi-quantitative approach (otherwise, a mixed methodology) and relying on a survey design, 73 respondents participated in this study. Questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect data. Results show that the ADR mechanism effectively manages workplace disputes among Zimbabwe NECs sector employees in line with reviewed literature. The findings of this study are of importance to the Zimbabwean labour policy towards formulating employment laws. Findings will also be of assistance to NECs managers on how to improve the effectiveness of the ADR mechanism.</p> Itai Bonda; Fidelis Tsvangirai Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Enhancing girls’ resilience in the face of Covid-19 pandemic in Marange community, Zimbabwe <p>The study aimed at enhancing girls’ resilience in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic. The descriptive design was used in the study. A purposive sampling technique was used. The sample size of 18 participants was determined by the saturation level which occurred when participants were repeating responses. The study population was drawn from rural girls in the Marange community in Zimbabwe. Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data in the study. The study found out that girls were vulnerable to psychological distress such as guilt and self-blame, flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, sexual dysfunction and suicidal ideation among other problems when they drop out of school. It was also found out that some cultural practices such as child marriages and genital mutilation took precedence over the girls’ education in the face of the Covid-19 crisis. This has contributed to a significant number of girls dropping out of school. Some contextual cultural awareness campaigns highlighting the plight of girls in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic were helpful. Contextually relevant cultural activities such as composing songs and poems were effective vehicles of educating the marginalised and remote community of Marange folk on the importance of supporting and valuing the girls’ resilience in the face of the Covid-19 crisis.</p> Maurice Kwembeya, Julia Mutambara Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of COVID-19 on Zimbabwe’s state universities’ education system. Case of Tourism and Hospitality Management Students <p>The outbreak of Covid-19 in early 2020 across the globe led to massive disturbances in the higher and tertiary education system. As a way of keeping pace with the needs of the key stakeholder <em>viz</em> students, institutions of higher learning in Zimbabwe adopted online teaching and learning methodologies. This study examines the impact of Covid-19 on Zimbabwe’s State Universities with special reference to tourism and hospitality students. A qualitative research design was used for the study. WhatsApp focus groups and telephone interviews were also used to collect the data from the respondents. The findings revealed that the Covid-19 pandemic adversely affected the education of most students at state universities. The adoption of online learning by state universities led to the production of ‘half-baked’ graduates since some of the modules needed adequate time for hands-on practice. Most of the respondents pointed out they had a negative attitude towards online learning as they faced financial challenges to purchase laptops, internet data bundles, failure to perform other tasks such as bed making, baking and cooking online, lack or poor internet infrastructure, inadequate training and retraining on the use of online applications. Some students lost momentum during the academic journey while others ended up dropping out of the university system and/or deferring their studies. Lack of detachment between students and universities was also reported. The study, therefore recommends the use of hybrid learning for practical modules to achieve high-quality results and produce graduates that are relevant to the industry.</p> Tendai Chibaya, Phanos Matura, Lovemore. R Chitambara, Diet Mupfiga Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Some Notes on the Arabic Manuscripts in the Northern History Research Scheme (NHRS), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria (1962-2020) <p>From the establishment of the Northern History Research Scheme (NHRS) in 1962 to the present, there are 1,913 Arabic manuscripts in its various repositories. Despite the plethora of manuscripts covering virtually all the branches of Islamic literature ranging from theology, jurisprudence, Arabic language and literature, philosophy, and astronomy to astrology, many researchers often do not have easy access to the contents of the manuscripts due to a lack of proper classification, as well as some obscurity surrounding their provenance. Using a qualitative, historical and descriptive methodology, this paper throws a little new light on the historical evolution of NHRS, its repositories, classification of manuscripts, and its challenges and prospects. It is part of the findings of the paper that despite a large number of Arabic manuscripts in NHRS, little is known about its corpus (literature) and the group of scholars. This is because, out of the 1,913 Arabic manuscripts available in the NHRS repository, about 900 manuscripts are anonymous.</p> Nadir A. Nasidi Copyright (c) 2022 The Dyke Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000